Shoghi Rabbani, known as Shoghi Effendi, was born in 1897 in what is now Israel, and died in 1957 in London, England. He was the grandson of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá and served as the Head of the Bahá’í Faith from 1921 to his death. Shoghi Effendi wrote over 25,000 letters and cables, some of which were later published as books. He also wrote a history of the first century of the Bahá’í Faith titled God Passes By. His writings – half of which are in English and the half of which are in Arabic and Persian - include analyses of world events in light of the Bahá’í scriptures, interpretations of Bahá’í scripture, responses to letters from individuals and Bahá’í institutions, and authoritative translations of writings of Bahá’u’lláh and the Báb.